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Because of its high soil fertility herds of large game once occurred in Renosterveld. Mountain Zebra, Quagga, Bluebuck, Red Hartebeest, Eland, Bontebok, Elephant, Black Rhino and Buffalo were common, as were Lion, Cheetah, Wild Dog, Spotted Hyena and Leopard. Two of which only ever occurred within the Fynbos Biome, the Bluebuck and Bontebok. Of these large mammals, only the Mountain Zebra and Leopard survived (by fleeing to the mountains) with the Bontebok just surviving near Bredasdorp. All the other species became extinct in the Fynbos Biome although many have been introduced into conservation areas from outside the region.

The high soil fertility resulted in most of the area being converted to agriculture. Less than 5% of West Coast Renosterveld remains with other Renosterveld types also heavily depleted by agriculture and urban development. For this reason its is unlikely that viable populations of large mammals will ever be reintroduced into the Fynbos Biome.

Many animal species however remain dependant on the existence of Renosterveld habitat. The precarious state of the geometric tortoise which only occurs in this veld type is just one example. An additional threat is the ongoing infestation of the remaining Renosterveld with invasive alien plants. Eucalyptus, Wattles, Poplars and Pine species are notable. Besides their invasive action these species drain the area of valuable water which makes their eradication essential.

Some of the mammals, reptiles and birds still commonly observed within the BHC :

Mammals

  • Caracal
  • Cape Grysbok
  • Grey Duiker
  • Steenbok
  • Porcupine
  • Cape Clawless Otter
  • Bat-eared Fox
  • Cape Fox
  • Cape Hare
  • Small Spotted Genet
  • Grey Mongoose
  • Water Mongoose

Reptiles

  • Tortoises
  • Mole Snake
  • Cape Cobra
  • Skaapsteker
  • Cape Dwarf Chameleon
  • Cape Girdled Lizard
  • Various Agamas

Birds

  1. Dabchick
  2. Whitebreasted Cormorant
  3. Reed Cormorant
  4. Darter
  5. Eastern White Pelican
  6. Grey Heron
  7. Blackheaded Heron
  8. Purple Heron
  9. Blue Crane (Jan 1998)
  10. Cattle Egret
  11. Yellowbilled Egret
  12. Hamerkop
  13. African Spoonbill
  14. Hadeda Ibis
  15. Sacred Ibis
  16. Glossy Ibis
  17. Spurwinged Goose
  18. Egyptian Goose
  19. Yellowbilled Duck
  20. African Black Duck
  21. Cape Shovelor
  22. African Fish eagle
  23. Booted Eagle
  24. Brown Snake Eagle (Mar 1998)
  25. Osprey (2004)(Apr 2007)
  26. Gymnogene
  27. Jackal Buzzard
  28. Steppe Buzzard
  29. Forest Buzzard
  30. Yellowbilled Kite
  31. African Goshawk
  32. Blackshouldered Kite
  33. Black Sparrowhawk
  34. Rock Kestrel
  35. Spotted Eagle Owl
  36. Barn Owl
  37. Helmeted Guineafowl
  38. Cape Francolin
  39. Greywing Francolin
  40. Redknobbed Coot
  41. Moorhen
  42. Crowned Plover
  43. Blacksmiths Plover
  44. Threebanded Plover (Aug 1998)
  45. Ethiopian Snipe
  46. Spotted Dikkop
  47. Greenshank
  48. Whiskered Tern (2003)
  49. Rameron Pigeon (July 1999)
  50. Rock Pigeon
  51. Cape Turtle Dove
  52. Laughing Dove
  53. Namaqua Dove
  54. Redchested Cuckoo
  55. Diederick Cuckoo
  56. Klaas’s Cuckoo
  57. Burchells Coucal
  58. Fierynecked Nightjar
  59. Alpine Swift
  60. Greater Striped Swallow
  61. Whitethroated Swallow
  62. Banded Martin
  63. Speckled Mousebird
  64. Whitebacked Mousebird
  65. Giant Kingfisher
  66. Pied Kingfisher
  67. Malachite Kingfisher
  68. Hoepoe
  69. Acasia Pied Barbet
  70. Cardinal Woodpecker
  71. Pied Crow
  72. Whienecked Raven
  73. Redwinged Starling
  74. European Starling
  75. Wattled Starling (Flock +-20) (Sep 1998)
  76. Cape Bulbul
  77. Cape Robin
  78. Cape Wagtail
  79. Southern Olive Thrush
  80. Fiscal Flycatcher
  81. Dusky Flycatcher
  82. Paradise Flycatcher
  83. Forktailed Drongo
  84. Southern Anteating Chat
  85. European Bee-eater (2003)
  86. Fiscal Shrike
  87. Bokmakierrie
  88. Southern Boubou
  89. Cape White Eye
  90. Cape Batis
  91. Barthroated Apalis (Pale form)
  92. Redcapped Lark
  93. Orangethroated Longclaw
  94. Cape Sugarbird
  95. Malachite Sunbird
  96. Lesser Doublecollared Sunbird
  97. House Sparrow
  98. Cape Sparrow
  99. Southern Masked Weaver
  100. Cape Weaver
  101. Cape Reed Warbler
  102. Red Bishop
  103. Yellowrumped Widow
  104. Pintailed Wydah
  105. Common Waxbill
  106. Swee Waxbill
  107. Bully Canary
  108. Cape Canary
  109. Martial Eagle
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